Agriculture is the backbone of livelihoods of millions of people in the developing world. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) was negotiated in the 1986 -1994 Uruguay Round and was meant to be a significant first step towards fairer competition and a less distorted sector. It included specific commitments by WTO member governments to improve market access and reduce trade distorting subsidies in agriculture. The first phase of reforms to the AoA was negotiated between March 2000 and March 2001. The Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) has great implication on efforts to reduce poverty, improve gender relations and advance human development in a wide range of developing countries.